According to the Model Registration System (SRS), the infant mortality rate in Jammu and Kashmir has decreased from 26 per 1,000 live births in 2015 to 17 in 2020 (Statistics Significantly Improved Health Report). Maternal and Child Health)202.
Johnson & Johnson has seen its infant mortality rate (IMR), 5-year mortality rate (U5MR) and infant mortality rate (NMR) decline steadily since 2014. a recent report published by the Registry of India.
In addition to infant mortality, the report notes that the neonatal mortality rate (U5MR) decreased from 21 to 17 per 1,000 live births in UT, and the neonatal mortality rate decreased from 15 to 12. , with premature neonatal deaths between October and August. According to the report, the J&K ratio (female/1000 male) at birth also increased from 906 to 921.
The infant mortality rate (IMR) is the number of deaths per 1,000 live births. The infant mortality rate not only provides important information about the health of mothers and children, but is also an important indicator for measuring the general health status of society.
However, Jammu and Kashmir has improved its performance on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), as shown by recent health indicator reports, including the National Family Health Survey ( NFHS).
The proposed SDG target on child mortality aims to end preventable infant and child deaths by 2030, with all countries targeting reduce infant mortality to 12 per 1,000 live births and J&J’s 5-year lifetime mortality reduction target. the reported rate is less than 25 per 1,000 live births.
Regarding marriage, Jammu and Kashmir has the lowest percentage of married population among the states and large unions as only 46.2% are married in the state, while the highest rate in 2020 is Andhra Pradesh ( 59.5).
“In 2020, 51.8% of J&K’s population has never been married while 46.2% of the population is married,” said the report, with Jammu having the highest and lowest number of women in the country. number of states. Kashmir is 49.0. ).
The report also notes that J&J’s crude birth rate (CBR) has declined over the past decade. Between 2008 and 2010, Johnson & Johnson’s CBR was 18.6 per 1,000 live births, and the crude birth rate dropped to 15.0 between 2018 and 2020. The median percentage change in Johnson & Johnson’s CBR, according to the MCC . 19.4%.
According to the report, the Overall Birth Rate (GFR) also fell to 48.6 in 2018-20 from 68.6 in 2008-2010. GFR is the average number of children born to women of childbearing potential per 1,000 women aged 15-49 over a period of time (usually 1-36 months prior to the study).
At age 34, the cumulative fertility rate ranges from 79.6 in Jammu and Kashmir to 95.1 in West Bengal. The cumulative fertility rate for 39-year-old women ranges from 92.2 in Jammu and Kashmir to 99.0 in Tamil Nadu.
However, J&K’s total fertility rate (TFR) has changed significantly as UT’s TFR has fallen from 2.2 in 2008-10 to 1.5 in 2018-20 – the second lowest TFR in India .
The report also notes that J&J has the second highest number of mothers receiving medical care when giving birth in public hospitals. 70.3% of women are treated at J&K government hospitals, with Rajasthan having the highest rate (70.9%) in 2020.
According to the MCC, J&J’s overall mortality rate fell from 5.7 per 1,000 in 2018-20 to 4.7 per 1,000 in 2008-10.
It may be noted here that the Sample Registration System (SRS) is a central government initiative to provide reliable annual census values.